- Groups of products are well defined; each product should have well-documented standard work definitions.
- Training and cross-training line employees should prioritize and are often carried out by team leaders or supervisors.
- Sequencing rules and production schedules should be fully developed to optimize the variation of manufactured products at any given time.
- Line operators should always be engaged in operating and improving their assigned line.
Mixed-Model Assembly Can Save You Time & Money
OEM electronics manufacturing involves maintaining a delicate balance: offering as much flexibility as possible without compromising production efficiency. To meet the growing demand for made-to-order products with ever-shortening product life cycles, a process that can be streamlined to increase efficiency is potentially precious. Lately, the industry has managed to increase both through high-mix, flexible-volume manufacturing revolving around a mixed-model assembly solution. Originally developed to tackle problems created by rapid line changeovers, mixed-model assembly entails grouping products that share several similarities, including processes, materials, and work content. This ultimately boosts profit margins because it focuses on meeting client requirements promptly. The most efficient, high-mix, flexible-volume manufacturing system uses both automated and manual technologies to optimize each step of the process. Flexibility is vital for manufacturing environments that assemble products with wide variations. Many modern manufacturing facilities produce a wide range of products for their OEM clients. To accommodate many different variations of the same product without compromising efficiency, assembly lines rely on mixed-model assembly. The mixed-model formula best fits an environment where the degree of product variation is high. This means that the assembly line has up to thousands of option combinations available for a product, including any specific client customizations. In mixed-model assembly, many different product variations are produced on one assembly line without the need for time-consuming changeovers. Mixed-model assembly results are more streamlined operations overall and reduced inventory and streamlined layouts of assembly lines. Mixed-Model Assembly Meets Demand The flexibility to accommodate multiple variations of products requires strategy and careful planning. It’s not uncommon for offshoring or reshoring to play a primary role in a company’s strategic plan. Many leaders in the manufacturing industry agree that offshoring is the best option for high-volume, repetitive assembly processes. At the same time, less-repetitive, low-volume work is often best kept in the United States. Mass customization often makes it virtually impossible to manufacture products cost-effectively. Most often, it’s more cost beneficial to offshore manufacturing to give clients the manufacturing flexibility they need. If everything were done here, manufacturers would have to import all of the materials needed to offer a variety of options and customizations to which clients are becoming accustomed. With build-to-order products rapidly becoming the norm, manufacturers must remain flexible enough to recognize when it makes sense to offshore their production operations to keep a competitive edge in the industry. Regardless of location or product manufactured, all mixed-model lines share several similarities, such as flexible design to accommodate various models and customizations. Some models might require different tools or labor tasks than others. Yet, most mixed-model lines are equipped to handle the production of many different products. Materials to create the products are always kept adjacent to assembly lines, though typically in smaller quantities. This cuts down on overall production time. Lineworkers are trained in many different tasks for each product. Each worker knows what process to follow no matter what product is on the line. Sequencing assists in balancing workloads, so stations don’t become overloaded or bottlenecked. For a mixed-model assembly line to be most successful, it should follow 5 particular guidelines: